The validity of the Zimbabwe Exemption Permits (ZEP) has sparked many debates around belonging, governance, and legality. The ZEP has enabled approximately 178 000 Zimbabweans to work and study within South Africa. Zimbabwe had found itself enwrapped in webs of political and socio-economic strife. This resulted in thousands fleeing to neighbouring lands, particularly South Africa in search of socio-economic refuge.
Write Dr. Paul Kariuki and Themla Nyarhi.